Area History

Dyer is located in Esmeralda County and is one of the original counties in Nevada, established in 1861. Esmeralda is the Spanish and Portuguese word for “emerald”. An early Nevada miner, J. M. Corey, named the Esmeralda Mining District after the gypsy dancer, Esmeralda, from Victor Hugo’s novel, The Hunchback of Notre Dame.

Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) also wrote about his time as a miner in the Esmeralda District in his book Roughing It.

Dyer lies in Fish Lake Valley, which was settled when the Palmetto Mining District was discovered in 1866. In the 1870’s, the Griffing & Nyman’s, as well as the Pacific Borax Works, were extracting borax at Fish Lake. The Carson & Columbus Stage Line ran northward to Aurora and Carson City, making connections with Logsprings in the Sylvania District and Lida. Several local ranches supplied food to the freight industry and mining communities.

The town got its name after Alex P. Dyer, the first postmaster in 1881.

Dyer is bordered by the White Mountain Range where the ancient Bristlecone Pine Forest lays and the trail head to Boundary Peak (Nevada’s highest peak at 13,143 feet); and,  the Silver Peak Mountains is Fish Lake Valley, extending 35 miles long.

Past home of E.L. Cord, the inventor or the Cord automobile-senator and president of American Airlines, and also the home of Louise Kellogg of the cereal family,as well as past home of many pioneers from 1868.  The Heritage Reunion of the ancestors of these original pioneers gather here biannually to learn of their heritage and offer many stories, photos, tours of old sites and an insight to their family’s journey while settling in Fish Lake Valley and the surrounding areas.